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You can add static typing to JavaScript to improve developer productivity and code quality thanks to TypeScript.

Minimum configuration

MUI requires a minimum version of TypeScript 3.5. Have a look at the Create React App with TypeScript example.

For types to work, it's recommended that you have at least the following options enabled in your tsconfig.json:

  "compilerOptions": {
    "lib": ["es6", "dom"],
    "noImplicitAny": true,
    "noImplicitThis": true,
    "strictNullChecks": true

The strict mode options are the same that are required for every types package published in the @types/ namespace. Using a less strict tsconfig.json or omitting some of the libraries might cause errors. To get the best type experience with the types we recommend setting "strict": true.

Handling value and event handlers

Many components concerned with user input offer a value prop or event handlers which include the current value. In most situations that value is only handled within React which allows it be of any type, such as objects or arrays.

However, that type cannot be verified at compile time in situations where it depends on the component's children e.g. for Select or RadioGroup. This means that the soundest option is to type it as unknown and let the developer decide how they want to narrow that type down. We do not offer the possibility to use a generic type in those cases for the same reasons is not generic in React.

The demos include typed variants that use type casting. It is an acceptable tradeoff because the types are all located in a single file and are very basic. You have to decide for yourself if the same tradeoff is acceptable for you. The library types are strict by default and loose via opt-in.

Customization of Theme

Moved to /customization/theming/#custom-variables.

Complications with the component prop

Because of some TypeScript limitations, using the component prop can be problematic if you are creating your custom component based on the Material UI's components. For the composition of the components, you will likely need to use one of these two options:

  1. Wrap the Material UI component in order to enhance it
  2. Use the styled() utility in order to customize the styles of the component

If you are using the first option, take a look at the composition guide for more details.

If you are using the styled() utility (regardless of whether it comes from @mui/material or @emotion/styled), you will need to cast the resulting component as shown below:

import Button from '@mui/material/Button';
import { styled } from '@mui/material/styles';

const CustomButton = styled(Button)({
  // your custom styles go here
}) as typeof Button;